The importance of critical thinking and how to improve it (2023)

Why is critical thinking important? The choices you make affect the quality of your life. And if you want to make sure you're living your best, most successful, and happiest life, you need to make conscious choices. This can be done with something simple known as critical thinking. Here's how to improve your critical thinking and make decisions you won't regret.

What is critical thinking?

You've probably heard of critical thinking before, but you might not be quite sure what it really means, and that's because there are so many definitions. Most of the time, however, we understand critical thinking as the process of analyzing facts in order to form a judgment. Basically, it's about thinking.

How has the definition evolved over time?

It is believed that the first time critical thinking was documented was in the teachings ofSocrates, recorded by Plato. But throughout history, the definition has changed.

Today it is better understood by philosophers and psychologists and is considered a very complex concept. Some insightful modern critical thinkinginclude definitions:

  • "Reasonable and reflective thinking that focuses on deciding what to believe or what to do."
  • "Decide what is true and what you should do."

The importance of critical thinking

Why is critical thinking important? Good question! Here are some undeniable reasons why these skills are vital.

(Video) 5 tips to improve your critical thinking - Samantha Agoos

1. Critical thinking is universal

Critical thinking is a general domain thinking skill. What does that mean? This means that no matter what path or profession you choose, these skills are always relevant and will benefit your success. They are not subject specific.

2. Crucial to the economy

Our future depends on technology, information and innovation. Critical thinking is necessary for our rapidly growing economies to solve problems as quickly and effectively as possible.

3. Improve language and presentation skills

In order to be able to express ourselves better, we need to be able to think clearly and systematically, that is, practice critical thinking! Critical thinking also means knowing how to break down texts, thus improving our ability to understand.

4. Encourages creativity

By practicing critical thinking, we allow ourselves not only to solve problems, but also to come up with new and creative ideas for them. Critical thinking allows us to analyze these ideas and adapt them accordingly.

5. Important for self-reflection

Without critical thinking, how can we really live a meaningful life? We need this ability to reflect and justify our ways of life and opinions. Critical thinking gives us the tools to evaluate ourselves the way we need to.

The importance of critical thinking and how to improve it (1)Photo ofmarcelo chagavonPixel

6. The basis of science and democracy

To have a democracy and to prove scientific facts, we need critical thinking in the world. Theories need to be backed up with knowledge. For a society to function effectively, its citizens must form an opinion about what is right and wrong (through critical thinking!).

Benefits of critical thinking

We know that critical thinking is good for society as a whole, but what are the benefits of critical thinking on an individual level? Why is critical thinking important to us?

1. Key to professional success

Critical thinking is critical to many career paths. Not just for scientists, butlawyers, doctors, reporters,engineers, accountants and analysts (among many others) must use critical thinking in their positions.

In fact, according to the World Economic Forum, critical thinking is one of the most sought-after skills in the workforce, helping you analyze information, think outside the box, solve problems with innovative solutions, and plan systematically.

(Video) This tool will help improve your critical thinking - Erick Wilberding

2. Better Decision Making

No question: critical thinkers make the best decisions. Critical thinking helps us deal with everyday problems as they come our way, and very often this thought process happens even unconsciously. It helps us think independently and trust our intuition.

3. It can make you happier!

While this often goes unnoticed, getting in touch with yourself and having a deep understanding of why you think the way you do can actually make you happier. Critical thinking can help you understand yourself better and, in turn, help you avoid negative or limiting beliefs and focus more on your strengths. Being able to share your thoughts can improve the quality of your life.

4. Formulate informed opinions

There is no shortage of information reaching us from all directions. And that's why we need to use our critical thinking skills and decide for ourselves what we believe. Critical thinking allows us to make sure our opinions are based on facts and helps us sort through all that extra noise.

5. Better Citizens

One of the most inspiring critical thinking quotes comes from former US President Thomas Jefferson: “Educated citizenship is essential to our survival as a free people.”

What Jefferson is emphasizing for us here is that critical thinkers are better citizens because they can see the big picture without being sucked into prejudice and propaganda.

6. Improve relationships

While you may be convinced that being a critical thinker will inevitably lead to relationship problems, this really couldn't be less true! Be askepticIt can help you better understand other people's perspectives and can help you be more open to other viewpoints.

7. Encourages curiosity

Critical thinkers are constantly curious about all sorts of things in life and tend to have a wide range of interests. means critical thinkingconstantly asking questionsand want to know more about why, what, who, where, when, and anything else that might help them understand a situation or concept without taking anything at face value.

8. Allow creativity

Critical thinkers are also very creative thinkers and see themselves as limitless when it comes to possibilities. They are constantly striving to move things forward, which is vital in the workforce.

9. Improving problem-solving skills

People with critical thinking tend to solve problems as part of their natural instinct. Critical thinkers are patient and committed to solving the problem, much like Albert Einstein, one of the prime examples of critical thinking, who said, “It's not that I'm that smart; It's just that I stay with the problems longer."

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Critical thinkers' enhanced problem-solving skills make them better at their jobs and better at solving the world's biggest problems. Like Einstein, they have the potential to literally change the world.

10. An activity for the mind

Just like our muscles, our minds need to be exercised and challenged to be strong. It is safe to say that critical thinking is almost like an activity for the mind and should be practiced. Critical thinking encourages the development of many crucial skills such as logical thinking, decision-making and open-mindedness.

11. Create independence

When we think critically, we think for ourselves as we trust ourselves more. Critical thinking is key to creating independence and encouraging students to make their own decisions and form their own opinions.

12. Crucial life skills

Critical thinking is vital not only for learning but for life in general! Education is not just a way to prepare us for life, it is more or less life itself. Learning is a lifelong process that we go through every day.

how to think critically

Now that you know the benefits of critical thinking, how do you actually do it?

How to improve your critical thinking

  • Define your question:When it comes to critical thinking, it's important to always keep your goal in mind. Become aware of what you want to achieve and then find the best way to get there.
  • Collect reliable information:Make sure you use sources you can trust and leave prejudice aside. This is how a true critical thinker works!
  • Ask the right questions:We all know how important questions are, but make sure you ask the right questions that will lead you to your answer.
  • Look short and long term:When you think of solutions, think of both the short-term and the long-term consequences. Both are significant in the equation.
  • Discover all pages:There is never a single easy answer, and nothing is black or white. Explore all the options and think outside the box before jumping to conclusions.

How is critical thinking developed in school?

Critical thinking develops in almost everything we do. However, it is recommended that you practice much of this important skill at school, and with good reason! Critical thinking isn't just about thinking clearly—it's also about thinking for yourself.

When a teacher asks a question in class, students have an opportunity to answer for themselves andthink critically about what has been learnedand what they think is right. When students are working in groups and are forced to participate in a discussion, it is also a great opportunity to expand their thinking and use their critical thinking skills.

How is critical thinking affecting your career?

Once you have finished school and entered the workforce, your critical thinking journey will expand and grow from here!

Impress your employer

Employers value employees who think critically, ask questions, offer creative ideas, and are always ready to deliver innovation against the competition. Regardless of your position or role in a company, critical thinking will always give you the power to excel and make a difference.

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Jobs that require critical thinking

Some of the many examples of careers that require critical thinking are:

  • Manager
  • Personnel management specialist
  • attorney
  • Marketing managers
  • Business Analyst

To be honest, it's probably harder to find a career field that doesn't require critical thinking!

The importance of critical thinking and how to improve it (2)Photo ofOladimeji AjegbilevonPixel

What is a critical thinker capable of?

Someone with critical thinking is able to think rationally and clearly about what to believe and what not to believe. You are able to make up your own mind and reflect in order to come to an informed conclusion.

A critical thinker understands the connections between ideas and is able to construct arguments based on facts and to find flaws in reasoning.

The process of critical thinking

The process of critical thinking is very systematic.

What are your goals?

Critical thinking starts with defining your goals and knowing what you ultimately want to achieve.


Once you know what you are trying to infer, you can imagine your solution to the problem and repeat it in your mind from all perspectives.

What does the future hold for critical thinking?

The future of critical thinking equals the future of jobs. In 2020, critical thinking was ranked as the second best skill (after solving complex problems).World Economic Forum.

We are dealing with unprecedented, constant change and what is successful today may not be successful tomorrow, making critical thinking a key skill for tomorrow's workforce.

(Video) Skepticism: Why critical thinking makes you smarter | Bill Nye, Derren Brown & more | Big Think

Why is critical thinking so important?

Why is critical thinking important? Critical thinking is more than important! It is one of the most important cognitive skills to develop.

By practicing thoughtful thinking, both your thoughts and your decisions can create positive changes in your life, both professionally and personally. You can greatly improve your life by working on your critical thinking skills as often as possible.


Why is it important to improve critical thinking? ›

It Improves Decision-Making

Big life-changing decisions, such as whether to change careers or not, benefit from critical thinking. It motivates you to investigate and choose objective reasoning over your immediate emotional reaction.

What is critical thinking and how is it important? ›

Critical thinking is the ability to analyze facts and form a judgment. It is a form of emotional intelligence. Someone with critical thinking skills can think clearly and rationally when the situation demands it. It allows them to perform problem-solving and decision-making more effectively.

What are the 5 tips to improve your critical thinking? ›

Here's how you can start improving today.
  • Formulate your question. Know what you're looking for specifically. ...
  • Gather your information. Now that you know what's relevant to your problem or decision, research it. ...
  • Apply the information. What concepts are at work? ...
  • Consider the implications. ...
  • Explore other points of view.

What are 3 benefits of critical thinking? ›

6 Benefits of Critical Thinking
  • It encourages curiosity.
  • It enhances creativity.
  • It reinforces problem-solving ability.
  • It's a multi-faceted practice.
  • It fosters independence.
  • It's a skill for life, not just learning.
Apr 17, 2019

What is the most important thing about critical thinking? ›

Ideally, critical thinking is to be done objectively—meaning without influence from personal feelings, opinions or biases—and it focuses solely on factual information. Critical thinking is a skill that allows you to make logical and informed decisions to the best of your ability.

What is required to become a good critical thinker? ›

The skills that we need in order to be able to think critically are varied and include observation, analysis, interpretation, reflection, evaluation, inference, explanation, problem solving, and decision making. Specifically we need to be able to: Think about a topic or issue in an objective and critical way.

What are two strategies for improving critical thinking? ›

5 strategies to grow critical thinking skills
  • Strategy 1: Be a continuous learner. ...
  • Strategy 2: Make the right decision for the majority. ...
  • Strategy 3: Listen and consider unconventional opinions. ...
  • Strategy 4: Avoid analysis paralysis. ...
  • Strategy 5: Analyze yourself.
Sep 17, 2015

How can students improve critical thinking skills? ›

Critical thinking exercises for elementary education
  1. Ask questions. ...
  2. Encourage decision-making. ...
  3. Work in groups. ...
  4. Incorporate different points of view. ...
  5. Connect different ideas. ...
  6. Inspire creativity. ...
  7. Brainstorm.

What are the 3 main critical thinking techniques? ›

Critical-thinking skills connect and organize ideas. Three types distinguish them: analysis, inference, and evaluation.

What makes a true critical thinker? ›

Critical thinking has been described as an ability to question; to acknowledge and test previously held assumptions; to recognize ambiguity; to examine, interpret, evaluate, reason, and reflect; to make informed judgments and decisions; and to clarify, articulate, and justify positions (Hullfish & Smith, 1961; Ennis, ...

What makes a person a critical thinker *? ›

Critical thinking involves asking questions, defining a problem, examining evidence, analyzing assumptions and biases, avoiding emotional reasoning, avoiding oversimplification, considering other interpretations, and tolerating ambiguity.

Which is one way to practice critical thinking skills? ›

To become a better critical thinker: ask simple questions, challenge common assumptions, be aware of your biases, and read more.

What are 4 ways to improve strategic thinking skills? ›

Steps to Cultivate Your Strategic Thinking
  • Articulate your goals clearly.
  • Research and identify options to reach those goals.
  • Analyze the possibilities and risks objectively.
  • Decide on a course of action based on your research and analysis.
  • Create an implementation plan.
  • Adapt and adjust along the way.
May 17, 2022

What is critical thinking explain with example? ›

Critical thinking is the ability to effectively analyze information and form a judgment. To think critically, you must be aware of your own biases and assumptions when encountering information, and apply consistent standards when evaluating sources. Critical thinking skills help you to: Identify credible sources.

What are the 7 critical thinking skills? ›

The key critical thinking skills are: analysis, interpretation, inference, explanation, self-regulation, open-mindedness, and problem-solving.

What is critical thinking in your own words? ›

Critical thinking is a kind of thinking in which you question, analyse, interpret, evaluate and make a judgement about what you read, hear, say, or write. The term critical comes from the Greek word kritikos meaning “able to judge or discern”.

Why is critical thinking important in daily life? ›

Whether at work or throughout our daily lives, the ability to think critically can be the difference between achieving our goals or falling short. Every decision we make impacts the future. With Conscious Creative Critical Thinking, we have the awareness to understand more long term implications than without.

What is a real life example of critical thinking? ›

Promoting a teamwork approach to problem-solving

And then offer constructive criticism while sharing your own opinion on the situation. This is one of the common critical thinking examples in the workplace.

What are the 3 C's of critical thinking? ›

Teaching the 3 Cs: Creativity, Curiosity, and Courtesy.

What are the 3 stages of critical thinking? ›

To develop the above skills, we recommend using a three step process:
  • Define the problem.
  • Evaluate the data.
  • Make the decision.
Dec 6, 2021

How to learn critical thinking? ›

Although the critical thinking process will differ between individuals, there are some useful steps:
  1. Identify the issue. When faced with a situation or problem, determine what has caused it.
  2. Analyse the arguments. ...
  3. Discover the facts. ...
  4. Challenge your biases. ...
  5. Decide on significance. ...
  6. Draw conclusions.
Jul 9, 2021


1. The Importance of Critical Thinking | Mac Holley | TEDxYouth@MBJH
(TEDx Talks)
2. What is Critical Thinking and 7 Reasons Why Critical Thinking is Important
3. Five simple strategies to sharpen your critical thinking | BBC Ideas
(BBC Ideas)
4. CRITICAL THINKING - Fundamentals: Introduction to Critical Thinking [HD]
(Wireless Philosophy)
5. What is Critical Thinking?
6. 15 Ways to Develop Critical Thinking


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